The "14th five year plan" for safe production of hazardous chemicals is coming!
- Categories:Industry Information
- Time of issue:2022-04-05
The "14th five year plan" for safe production of hazardous chemicals is coming!
- Categories:Industry Information
- Time of issue:2022-04-05
Recently, the emergency management department issued the "14th five year plan" for safe production of hazardous chemicals (hereinafter referred to as the "plan"). The plan defines the guiding ideology, basic principles, main objectives and specific measures for the safe production of hazardous chemicals during the 14th Five Year Plan period, and makes systematic planning and deployment for the safe production of hazardous chemicals throughout the country.
The plan points out that since the 13th five year plan, through the joint efforts of all regions, relevant departments and units, new progress has been made in the safety risk prevention and control of hazardous chemicals, and the objectives and tasks of the 13th five year plan have been better completed. During the "14th five year plan" period, the safety production of hazardous chemicals in China is still in a critical period of climbing over obstacles and overcoming difficulties. It not only has the favorable conditions for the continuous and stable improvement of the safety production situation, but also faces the severe challenge of the superposition of old and new risks.
The plan emphasizes that we should always put the prevention and control of safety risks of hazardous chemicals in the prominent position of preventing and resolving major risks, deeply implement the deployment of the opinions on Comprehensively Strengthening the safety production of Hazardous Chemicals issued by the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council, adhere to overall development and safety, adhere to the people first and life first, and take effectively curbing major accidents as the primary goal, Focusing on the rolling implementation of the three-year action of special rectification on the safety of hazardous chemicals, we will focus on the key points, strengthen the foundation, plug loopholes and remedy weaknesses, pay more attention to the construction of safety management system, improve the intrinsic safety, pay more attention to the digital transformation of management means, strengthen the source treatment, root causes and systematic promotion, improve the systematization, accuracy and intelligence of safety management, and fundamentally eliminate hidden dangers Fundamentally solve the problems, comprehensively promote the transformation and upgrading of the chemical industry, and provide a strong guarantee for implementing the new development concept, building a new development pattern, promoting high-quality development and building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.
The plan proposes to focus on the systematic safety risk prevention of hazardous chemicals, implement institutional measures and engineering measures simultaneously according to the guidance of problems, objectives and effects, and implement a number of institutional measures and construction projects. To build a safety management system for hazardous chemicals, we should pay close attention to six aspects: safety production responsibility system, hidden danger investigation and management system, safety prevention and control system, intrinsic safety development system, employee training system and basic support and guarantee system. In the light of the enhancement of the intrinsic safety level, we should carry out the "five major projects", such as upgrading the quality of chemical industrial parks, improving the safety and prevention of large oil and gas storage bases, building safety transformation, building safety training network, and "industrial Internet plus dangerous and safe production". Strengthen classified measures, accurately control the safety risks in the chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, hazardous chemicals business, oil and gas industry and fireworks and firecrackers industry, actively cooperate with and support relevant departments, strengthen the safety management of hazardous chemicals disposal, transportation and use, and promote the improvement of safety guarantee capacity.
The plan requires that we should establish and improve the implementation mechanism, earnestly implement key measures, strengthen the diversified investment mechanism, actively carry out pilot demonstration and strictly implement the planning evaluation, so as to ensure the implementation in place and achieve the objectives on schedule.
In order to understand and master the contents of the plan and do a solid job in its implementation, the emergency management department also made a detailed interpretation of the plan.
Interpretation 1: background and significance of the plan??
The objectives and tasks of the 13th five year plan have been well completed.
Chemical industry is not only a pillar industry in China, but also a traditional advantageous industry. At the same time, China is also the largest country in chemical production in the world. During the "14th five year plan" period, China's chemical industry is in a critical period of upgrading from big to strong. The adjustment of industrial structure is accelerated, the development of cluster is significantly accelerated, the development trend of low-carbon industry is strong, the industrial "double cycle" feature is more prominent, the petrochemical industry such as oil refining is improved, the traditional chemical industry such as chlor alkali is integrated, the new coal chemical industry is upgraded, and the new material industry is vigorously developed, A large number of hydrogen chemical industry bases in the eastern part of the country will continue to develop into a large number of new energy and petrochemical material intensive bases in the world, and a large number of new energy and petrochemical industries will be formed in the eastern part of the country, so as to promote the sustainable development of a large number of hydrogen chemical industry bases, which are more dependent on the world's oil and gas industry. The strategic adjustment of the chemical industry structure during the 14th five year plan and the acceleration of the upgrading of the chemical industry structure led by the new development concept are generally conducive to improving the industrial concentration and intrinsic safety level. At the same time, the high-risk nature of the chemical industry has not changed, the deep-seated problems accumulated in the long-term rapid development have not been fundamentally solved, the traditional risks in production, storage, transportation, waste disposal and other links are at a high level, the risks in industrial transfer, old devices and new energy, offshore oil, hydrogen energy and other emerging fields are prominent, the potential risks are superimposed and enter the centralized exposure period, and the task of preventing and resolving major safety risks is arduous and complex. On the whole, during the "14th five year plan" period, the safety production of hazardous chemicals in China is still in a critical period of climbing over obstacles and overcoming difficulties. It not only has the favorable conditions for the continuous and stable improvement of the safety production situation, but also faces the severe challenge of the superposition of old and new risks.
In the face of new challenges, new situations and new requirements, in order to implement the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and the successive plenary sessions of the 19th CPC National Congress and the decision and deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on strengthening work safety, guide the work safety of hazardous chemicals, oil and gas, fireworks and firecrackers during the 14th Five Year Plan period, strengthen the prevention and control of major safety risks, effectively curb and prevent major accidents, and comprehensively improve the level of work safety, According to the national emergency system plan and work safety plan of the 14th five year plan, the planning scheme is formulated.
Interpretation 2: what is the overall consideration for the drafting of the plan??
Highlight the focus of "Three Emphases" (pay more attention to the construction of safety governance system, the improvement of intrinsic safety and the digital transformation of safety management), pay close attention to major hazard sources, high-risk industries and key areas, adhere to the working method of "source governance, addressing both symptoms and root causes and system promotion", do not pursue everything, do what you can, and coordinate strategic guidance and tactical operability, Make systematic planning and deployment for the work during the 14th Five Year Plan period. The safety of hazardous chemicals is the top priority of major risk prevention and resolution. As the focus object, the planning scheme takes hazardous chemicals as the main body, covering oil and gas, fireworks and firecrackers.
Interpretation 3: what are the main contents of the plan??
The plan consists of six parts, which are divided into three parts. The first part is the general introduction: including the first and second parts, which mainly expounds the work results and main problems during the 13th Five Year Plan period, the situation and challenges, the guiding ideology, basic principles, main objectives and long-term goals for 2035 during the 14th Five Year Plan period. The second part is divided into three parts: the third, fourth and fifth parts. Focusing on the systematic safety risk prevention of hazardous chemicals, systematic measures and engineering measures are implemented simultaneously according to the guidance of problems, objectives and effects, and a number of institutional measures and construction projects are implemented on the construction of safety governance system and the improvement of intrinsic safety level. The third part is the safeguard measures: the sixth part puts forward requirements around the implementation mechanism, the implementation of key measures, multiple input mechanism, pilot demonstration and planning evaluation.
Interpretation 4: what are the guiding ideology, basic principles and main objectives proposed in the specification scheme??
Adhere to overall development and safety, put people first and life first, take effectively curbing major and major accidents as the primary goal, focus on the rolling implementation of the three-year action of special rectification on the safety of hazardous chemicals, focus on the key points, strengthen the foundation, plug loopholes and make up for weaknesses, pay more attention to the reconstruction and construction of the safety governance system, pay more attention to the improvement of intrinsic safety, pay more attention to the digital transformation of management means, and strengthen the treatment of the source, the symptoms and root causes Systematically promote, improve the systematic, accurate and intelligent level of safety management, fundamentally eliminate hidden dangers, fundamentally solve problems, comprehensively promote the transformation and upgrading of the chemical industry, and provide a strong guarantee for implementing the new development concept, building a new development pattern, promoting high-quality development and building a socialist modern country in an all-round way.
The basic principles put forward in the plan are: first, concept guidance and addressing both the symptoms and root causes. Adhere to the concept of safe development, make safe development run through the whole process and all fields of chemical industry development, strengthen special rectification, strictly access to the source, continuously consolidate the foundation, build a long-term mechanism, resolutely curb and prevent major accidents, promote the stable improvement of the safety production situation of hazardous chemicals, and serve the high-quality development with high-level safety. The second is to build a system and systematic governance. Adhere to the system concept, take the prevention of systematic safety risks of hazardous chemicals as the main direction, highlight the main responsibility of enterprises, strengthen the responsibility of government supervision, standardize the construction and safety management of chemical parks, comprehensively strengthen the system construction of safety responsibility, hidden danger investigation, prevention and control, intrinsic safety, personnel training and basic support, and build a safety management system of hazardous chemicals suitable for large chemical manufacturing countries. Third, increase investment to ensure intrinsic safety. We must adhere to safety first and take the upgrading of intrinsic safety as the core task. We should highlight the key points of Chemical Industrial Park safety upgrading, large-scale oil and gas storage base safety control, enterprise safety transformation, training of employees, and "industrial Internet plus dangerous and safe production", and implement a number of essential safety upgrading projects. Fourth, innovation and breakthrough, focusing on synergy. Adhere to the goal orientation, problem orientation and effect orientation, take innovative practice as the key to solving the safety problems of hazardous chemicals, promote the digital transformation and intelligent upgrading of safety management, strengthen the safety risk management and control of all links in the whole life cycle of hazardous chemicals, oil and gas exploitation, storage and transportation, fireworks and firecrackers, focus on major hazard sources, key industries and key regions, strengthen upper and lower linkage and departmental cooperation, and form the main body of enterprises The working mechanism of city and county implementation, provincial overall responsibility and national guidance.
The work objectives for 2025 proposed in the plan are: to continuously improve the system and mechanism for preventing and resolving major safety risks of hazardous chemicals, strengthen the safety production responsibility system, further consolidate the safety supervision responsibility of chemical parks, effectively curb major accidents of hazardous chemicals, and significantly reduce the total number of chemical, oil and gas, fireworks and firecrackers accidents and major chemical accidents in China, Establish a hidden danger investigation, treatment, prevention and control system for hazardous chemicals. The specific target is one decrease and three obvious, that is, the number of chemical, oil and gas, fireworks and firecracker accidents The number of deaths continued to decline (the number of chemical accidents and deaths, the number of major and above accidents and deaths decreased by more than 15% compared with the 13th Five Year Plan period, the number of oil and gas accidents and deaths decreased by more than 15% compared with the 13th Five Year Plan period, and the number of fireworks and firecracker production and operation accidents and deaths decreased by more than 20% compared with the 13th Five Year Plan period), the construction of safety management system was significantly accelerated, and the level of intrinsic safety was significantly improved Safety management in key areas has been significantly strengthened. The long-term goal for 2035 is: the responsibility system for safe production of hazardous chemicals is sound, clear and fully implemented, major safety risks are effectively prevented and controlled, safe production enters a relatively stable stage, the mortality rate of 100000 employees reaches or approaches the level of developed countries, and basically realize the modernization of safe production management system and management capacity.
Interpretation 5: what specific measures does the plan have in building a safety management system for hazardous chemicals??
The plan proposes to do a good job in six aspects in building the safety management system of hazardous chemicals: first, the safety production responsibility system. Highlight the implementation of the "three musts", consolidate the responsibilities of local party and government leaders, departments, chemical parks and enterprises, and strive to solve the "last mile" problem of grass-roots supervision and enterprises. Second, the hidden danger investigation and treatment system. Focus on the construction of enterprise hidden danger investigation and treatment system, and promote the transformation of enterprises from passively accepting safety supervision to actively carrying out safety management, and from administrative law enforcement inspection dominated by the government to daily hidden danger investigation dominated by enterprises. Third, safety prevention and control system. Adhere to moving forward the gateway and preventing the source, improve and implement the basic system, highlight the control of major safety risks, and comprehensively improve the level of chemical risk identification, accurate supervision of major hazard sources, hierarchical control of high risks and enterprise safety management. Fourth, the development system of intrinsic safety. Strengthen industrial transfer and safety risk prevention and control of old devices, carry out in-depth special rectification such as quality improvement and upgrading of chemical parks, classified rectification of enterprises and treatment of illegal "small chemicals", and build an intrinsically safe development pattern with strict access, standardized layout and advanced technology. Fifth, the employee training system. With strict personnel qualification conditions as the starting point, enterprises are forced to implement the main responsibility, comprehensively promote the construction of enterprise safety management technical team, improve the safety skills of operators in key positions and popularize the safety training space of online and offline integration. Sixth, the basic support and guarantee system. Focus on strengthening legal system construction, intelligent management, strengthening security through science and technology, social governance, emergency capacity-building and international exchanges and cooperation.
Interpretation 6: what specific measures does the plan have in improving the level of intrinsic safety?
The plan proposes to implement "five major projects" in improving the level of intrinsic safety: first, the safety and quality improvement project of the chemical park. On the basis of safety assessment and classified improvement, focus on the implementation of "one park, one policy" rectification and improvement measures, build a number of intrinsically safe chemical parks, and implement major safety risk prevention and control projects. Second, the safety prevention and control project of large oil and gas storage base. Promote the upgrading and transformation of equipment, facilities and control systems for large oil and gas storage bases, achieve the equipment rate and effective utilization rate of the "four systems" of gas detection, video monitoring, emergency cut-off and lightning early warning to reach 100%, clear the enterprises with insufficient external safety protection distance, and promote the digital and intelligent transformation of safety management, pilot demonstration and popularization and application of cutting-edge technologies. Third, the safety transformation project of hazardous chemical enterprises. Cooperate with relevant departments to orderly promote the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical production enterprises in densely populated urban areas, transform the plane layout that does not meet the requirements within the enterprise, continue to implement the transformation of safety instrument system, automatic control, process optimization and technology upgrading, carry out safety risk monitoring and early warning, improve the intelligent information management capacity of tank farm warehouse, and promote the on-site unmanned demonstration project of high-risk process units. Fourth, the construction project of hazardous chemical safety training network. Build high-level regional safety training bases serving the surrounding areas in key areas and chemical parks, promote enterprises to build a safety training space integrating online and offline applications, build and cultivate a number of online training brands, and develop general teaching materials and digital resource databases. The five is the "industrial Internet plus hazardous safety production" project. Formulate pilot construction plans and build a number of enterprise level
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