Five years in advance of the implementation of the six? Whether ready or not, the pace of the six is getting closer and closer!
Recently, Shenzhen and Guangzhou have successively implemented the national six emission standards for light vehicles in advance, which has become a hot topic in the industry.
On May 7, 2018, the Guangzhou Environmental Protection Bureau website posted the "Notice on the Implementation of the Sixth Phase of National Motor Vehicle Air Pollutant Emission Standards for Light Vehicles (Draft for Comment)". It proposes a plan to implement the National VI standard for light vehicles newly registered locally and transferred from other places from January 1, 2019.
More active than Guangzhou action, and Shenzhen.
As early as March 29, 2018, the Shenzhen Municipal Human Settlements Environment Committee issued the ''Shenzhen Human Settlements Environment Committee and the Traffic Police Department of the Shenzhen Public Security Bureau on the implementation of the sixth phase of the National Motor Vehicle Air Pollutant Emission Standards for Light Vehicles (National VI) Notice (Draft for Solicitation of Comments).
This circular (draft for soliciting opinions) stipulates that from July 1, 2018, light diesel vehicles sold, registered and transferred in Shenzhen shall meet the National VI standards; from January 1, 2019, light gasoline vehicles sold, registered and transferred in Shenzhen shall meet the National VI standards.
● Shenzhen and Guangzhou implement National VI five years ahead of schedule
According to the unified requirements of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the implementation time of the "National VI" standard is divided into two stages. From July 1, 2020, all light vehicles sold and registered shall meet the "National VI" standard 6a restriction requirements; From July 1, 2023, all light vehicles sold and registered shall meet the "National VI" standard 6b limit requirements.
Shenzhen and Guangzhou not only plan to implement the National VI emission standards for light-duty vehicles in advance, but also plan to cross the implementation phase of the National VI A for light-duty vehicles and directly implement the stricter National VI B emission standards for light-duty vehicles in advance-this is fully ahead of the original plan. Five years.
● As the sixth country is imminent, what problems should we pay attention to avoid?
It is not easy to upgrade from low standards to high standards. It will be a great challenge for the government, manufacturers and car owners.
1. Fuel quality first
From the perspective of supply, my country's fuel quality is low, and there is still a big gap compared with foreign developed countries. Poor fuel quality will directly lead to an increase in exhaust emissions. Therefore, if you want to finally achieve the National VI emission target, fuel quality It must be improved first.
Since October 2017, cities in six provinces, including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi and Henan, have banned the sale of automobile gasoline and diesel oil lower than the "national six" standard. In the future, more and more regions will begin to provide national six oil.
2, engine manufacturers: facing a severe test
For a car, reducing emissions will also affect fuel consumption and power performance. For a car company, the standard is upgraded again and again, and the emission treatment will become more and more complicated, and the increase in R & D costs is inevitable.
From the newly implemented "National V" to the upcoming "National VI" full implementation, less than two years are left for auto manufacturers. For many cities, the transition time is only one or two years. The implementation of "National Six" in 2020 is slightly tense in terms of time. The key to the implementation of the National Sixth Standard is to upgrade the engine and after-treatment system, which will be a severe test for domestic light engine manufacturers.
3, vehicle manufacturers: frequent updates of standards, car companies are difficult to keep up with the pace.
Over-dense and frequent formulation and change of standards, many companies are difficult to keep up with the pace, especially independent brand car companies with relatively weak vehicle technology research and development capabilities.
Even if individual large enterprises can predict that the new emission standards will be in line with international standards and develop engines in advance, it may be 2020 when the products are developed. Even if the products have been developed, they can only be assembled on individual models and cannot be fully deployed.
4, the market to promote difficulties: the pressure of rising costs is difficult to digest.
Due to the low emission limits of diesel vehicles before China's "National Five", it is more difficult to upgrade diesel vehicles than gasoline vehicles. The cost of upgrading a light gasoline vehicle is about 1200 yuan, while the cost of upgrading a light diesel vehicle is about 4000 yuan.
In order to adapt to the "National VI" standard, car companies will invest more in the research and development costs of vehicle emissions. As the saying goes, "the wool comes from the sheep", and the final cost increase may still be fed back to the car price. And a model to pass the "National VI" certification also needs to spend a lot of money, will also increase the cost of vehicle purchase, coupled with the vehicle engine and after-processing system changes, the National VI vehicle will also face the rise of later maintenance costs.
Various factors have led to low acceptance of the implementation of the National Sixth Standard by users, and the general attitude is rejection, which also makes it very difficult to promote policies.
The formal adoption of the National VI heavy vehicle emission standards makes China one of the countries with the strictest control of heavy vehicle emissions in the world, which is the inevitable result of technological progress and social development.
But at the same time, we should also learn from previous experiences and lessons and try our best to avoid possible problems. From the feedback from engines, OEMs and users, it can be found that people from all walks of life generally question the current early implementation of National VI.
In this regard, Gong Huiming, director of the China Transportation Project of the Energy Foundation, believes: "We must attach great importance to the implementation of the National Sixth Standard, effectively strengthen the supervision of production consistency and in-use durability compliance, and ensure that the main responsibilities that manufacturers should bear are not transferred to End consumers, promote healthy market competition, and establish a survival of the fittest mechanism. This is the key to the role of standards, so as to truly achieve the expected results."
In any case, the footsteps of the six countries are getting closer and closer.