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Positioning and responsibilities of safety management personnel

Positioning and responsibilities of safety management personnel

  • Categories:Wenyuan
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  • Time of issue:2021-06-21
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(Summary description)

Positioning and responsibilities of safety management personnel

(Summary description)

  • Categories:Wenyuan
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2021-06-21
  • Views:0
Information

  Positioning and responsibilities of safety management personnel
  At present, the low level of safety production management and the chaotic safety production management scene are due to the lack of internal safety production supervision mechanism, the failure of safety officers to really play their due supervisory role and push safety officers to the front line of safety management The principle of "who is in charge, who is responsible" has not been implemented. The key point is that the statutory regulatory responsibilities of safety officers can not be determined, and the regulatory power can not be clear.
  From the legal point of view, the safety officer is not in charge of safety. Like the personnel of the work safety supervision organization of the government department, the safety officer supervises the work safety management, which is appointed by the enterprise and supervised by spot check according to the plan. Since it is supervision, it should have the dignity of supervision, which is based on the law and determined by various supervision powers.
  The duty of safety officer is to supervise safety production
  Safety production supervision is to manage safety. Yes, it seems to be the same thing. In fact, there is a big difference. It is the fuzzy concept of safety management and safety supervision that makes a long-term misunderstanding in safety production management, that is, the safety officer is in charge of safety, and the important responsibility of safety officer is to supervise safety production is blurred, even forgotten or deprived.
  If someone says that the supervision of production safety is the management of safety, can we put this sentence on the staff of the relevant government supervision departments of production safety and say that they are the management personnel of production safety instead of the supervision personnel of production safety? They certainly won't accept it.
  Some people say that enterprise safety officers are not the same as the staff of relevant government safety supervision departments. It's true that enterprise safety officers are really different from the staff of relevant government work safety supervision departments. The staff of relevant government work safety supervision departments supervise and manage work safety on behalf of the government, while enterprise safety officers supervise and manage work safety on behalf of enterprises. However, there is little difference in their work contents. Therefore, the enterprise safety officer is actually a safety production supervision and management personnel appointed by the enterprise. In a more strict sense, the enterprise safety officer is the enterprise safety production supervision personnel with corresponding responsibilities given by the laws and regulations of safety production.
  Next, from the perspective of production safety laws and regulations to demonstrate the correctness of the sentence "safety officer is not in charge of safety".
  First of all, the opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on promoting the reform and development of work safety clearly stipulates that "the legal representative and the actual controller are both the first person responsible for work safety, and the main technical person in charge is responsible for the decision-making and command of work safety technology, strengthening the Department's work safety responsibilities, and implementing one post and two responsibilities". It is pointed out in the opinions that we must adhere to the principles of safety in the management of industry, safety in the management of business, safety in the management of production and operation, and who is in charge and who is responsible. As an enterprise, "production management must be safety management". Who is responsible for the production and operation activities of the enterprise, who should be the main person in charge of safety. Obviously, the legal representative of the enterprise, the actual controller of the enterprise's production activities, the main technical person in charge of the enterprise, and the responsible person and person in charge of each link of the enterprise's production management activities, including the project manager, construction workers and each production team leader on the construction site, are all the actual managers of the relevant safety production. They should manage the production and operation activities and the safety at the same time.
  Is the safety officer in charge of production? Safety officers don't care about production
  Because the safety officer does not care about production, so the safety officer does not have the actual responsibility or main responsibility for safety management in production activities, but the supervision responsibility. The safety officer should be a supervisor of safety production.
  Therefore, theoretically or in terms of management norms, the main responsibility of safety production management should not be borne by the safety officer, but by the legal representative of the enterprise, the actual controller of the enterprise's production activities, the main technical person in charge of the enterprise, and the person in charge of all aspects of the enterprise's production management activities, including the project manager on the construction site Construction workers and production team leaders and other personnel to undertake. We can't change the responsibility of "production management must be safety management" into "production management regardless of safety", and turn it into safety management by safety officers. The real leaders and implementers of safety production management have no responsibility of safety production management.
  What is supervision manager? The supervisor must be the third party responsible person, that is, a supervisor in addition to the safety management leader and implementer. The leaders (main responsible persons), implementers and supervisors of safety production management jointly construct the "triangle" framework of safety production management stability. The triangle stability is proved and applied again in safety production management, otherwise the framework of safety production management will be unbalanced.
  Since he is a supervisor, the safety officer is different from the specific leader and implementer. He is not responsible for specific work safety, daily work safety management affairs and safety operation, but is responsible for supervision and inspection of work safety, daily work safety management affairs and safety operation. The biggest feature of supervision and inspection of work safety management is the word "right", That is to say, the leaders and implementers of work safety management have the right to punish and order to stop the illegal behaviors, including the ability to stop the leaders' illegal command and forced risky operation. If we lose the right to punish the leaders and implementers of safety production management and order them to stop the illegal behaviors, we are not safety officers in the strict sense.
  The safety officer is actually the supervisor and manager of production safety. The newly revised "production safety law" specially adds the specific requirements on the responsibilities of production safety management personnel. This specific requirement should become the legal responsibilities of production safety management personnel of enterprises, which must be abided by, and can not arbitrarily change the responsibilities of others to the safety officer.
  The newly revised "production safety law" has newly added provisions on the responsibilities of production safety management personnel (see article 22 of the "production safety law") as follows:
  (1) To organize or participate in the formulation of rules and regulations for work safety, operating procedures and emergency rescue plans for work safety accidents of the unit;
  (2) Organize or participate in the work safety education and training of the unit, and truthfully record the work safety education and training;
  (3) Supervise and urge the implementation of safety management measures for major hazard installations of the unit;
  (4) Organize or participate in the emergency rescue drill of the unit;
  (5) Check the safety production status of the unit, check the hidden dangers of production safety accidents in time, and put forward suggestions for improving the safety production management;
  (6) Stop and correct the behaviors of commanding against rules, forcing risky operation and violating operation regulations;
  (7) Supervise and implement the rectification measures for work safety of the unit.
  There are seven legal responsibilities for safety production management personnel. Three of the seven responsibilities are "organization or participation" and two are "supervision and implementation". It can be seen that there are five responsibilities in total. In principle, these five responsibilities are not assumed by the safety officer alone, but "Inspection... Timely investigation... Suggestions" and "supervision and inspection of the unit's safety production work" of the main person in charge of the enterprise, There are also great differences in the responsibilities of "eliminating hidden dangers of production safety accidents in time". One is to check the "safety production situation", the other is to check the "safety production work", one is to "check hidden dangers in time", put forward opinions, and the other is to "eliminate hidden dangers in time". The most important responsibility in addition to the six responsibilities is to "stop and correct command against rules, force risky operation, and eliminate hidden dangers" This is an important symbolic responsibility of safety production management personnel to distinguish from other persons in charge of safety production.
  The three "organization or participation" responsibilities and the two "supervision and implementation" responsibilities of safety production management personnel are really related to other relevant personnel, and the relevant personnel may bear greater responsibilities.
  For example, the legal responsibilities of the main person in charge of the enterprise or the person in charge of the project include: "establishing and improving the safety production responsibility system of the unit", "organizing the formulation of the safety production rules and regulations and operating procedures of the unit", "establishing and improving the safety production responsibility system of the unit", etc "Organize the formulation and implementation of the work safety education and training plan of the unit" and "organize the formulation and implementation of the emergency rescue plan for work safety accidents of the unit" (see article 18 of the work safety law), that is to say, the three responsibilities of "organization or participation" related to work safety management personnel are the responsibilities of the main person in charge of the enterprise or the person in charge of the project, The safety production management personnel mainly participate in or help the enterprise principal or project principal to organize relevant work under the arrangement or entrustment of the enterprise principal or project principal, and the final responsibility implementation is the enterprise principal.
  For example, the two "supervision and implementation" responsibilities of the safety production management personnel are also related to the "supervision and inspection of the safety production work of the unit and timely elimination of hidden dangers of production safety accidents" of the main person in charge of the enterprise or the person in charge of the project. The key point of their responsibilities is to urge the main person in charge of the enterprise or the person in charge of the project to implement and eliminate hidden dangers of production safety.
  Therefore, in addition to the six responsibilities of "organization or participation" and "supervision and implementation", the most important thing for safety production management personnel is to be able to perform "stop and correct illegal command, forced risky operation and violation of operation regulations". If this power can not be performed, it can not be called a real safety officer, and it is also a violation of safety production laws and regulations.
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