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China energy runs out of acceleration

China energy runs out of acceleration

(Summary description) Changes in social power consumption, the rise and fall of gasoline prices, and the rise and fall of coal prices?

China energy runs out of acceleration

(Summary description) Changes in social power consumption, the rise and fall of gasoline prices, and the rise and fall of coal prices?

Information

  Changes in social power consumption, the rise and fall of gasoline prices, and the rise and fall of coal prices? The state of the energy situation has never affected the nerves of the entire Chinese economy and ordinary people like today.

 

  Through all kinds of complicated realities, a profound and serious question has never left the vision of Chinese people and the world: Can China's energy support a large country with a population of 1.4 billion and a high-quality development of economic trains?

 

  The National Energy Statistics Achievement Report for the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China recently released shows that since the founding of the People's Republic of China for 70 years, China's total energy resources have continued to grow and develop, and domestic energy production and energy structure have undergone tremendous changes. Total energy production increased by 157.8 times and per capita energy use increased by 34.8 times. Natural gas, primary power and other energy sources in the energy structure have steadily increased, providing strong support and guarantee for the development of the national economy and improvement of people's lives.

 

  Energy production achieves leaping development

 

  The role of basic security continues to increase

 

  Energy, as the basic material foundation on which human beings depend and the fuel power of national economic development, has always played an important role that cannot be ignored in the areas of improving people's quality of life, promoting national economic growth, geopolitics and international diplomacy.

 

  On June 29th, the third round of the Shuzhou-Danjing 500 kV power transmission and distribution project was successfully delivered. The 4 overflights of the railway line, and the transmission line connected by 169 towers were put into operation smoothly, marking another new clean energy consumption channel in Sichuan.

 

  This is a new channel and a new beginning. From "severe power shortage" to "delivering first", 70 years after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Sichuan's power industry has grown from scratch, from small to large, from weak to strong. The voltage level of the power grid has continued to rise, and its transmission capacity has continued to break through.

 

The huge development and changes of Sichuan power industry is just a microcosm of the development of China's power industry. Oil, coal, natural gas, and energy fields have created miracles one after another for 70 years. The rapid development of the Chinese economy has driven the rapid development of the energy industry, and strong contrasts are everywhere:

 

  In 2018, China's total energy production reached 3.77 billion tons of standard coal, an increase of 157.8 times over 1949 and an average annual growth rate of 7.6%.

 

  In 1949, China's crude oil output was only 120,000 tons, reaching 190 million tons in 2018, an increase of 1574.9 times, and an average annual growth rate of 11.3%.

 

  The output of raw coal was only 30 million tons in 1949, reaching 3.68 billion tons in 2018, an increase of 114 times over 1949, and an average annual growth rate of 7.1%.

 

  Natural gas output was only 10 million cubic meters in 1949, reaching 160.27 billion cubic meters in 2018, an increase of 22894.7 times, and an average annual growth rate of 15.7%.

 

  The amount of power generation was only 4.30 billion kWh in 1949, and reached 71,117.77 billion kWh in 2018, an increase of 1652.9 times, with an average annual increase of 11.3%.

 

  The "Energy Development Achievement Report for the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of New China" shows that in the early days of the founding of New China, China's energy production capacity was insufficient and not high. In 1949, the total energy production was only 20 million tons of standard coal. After 70 years of rapid development, China ’s energy production has gradually changed from weak to strong, and its production capacity and level have risen sharply. It has become the world ’s largest country in energy production, and has basically formed a multi-wheel drive of coal, oil, gas and renewable energy The production system has given full play to its solid and fundamental guarantee.

 

  The constantly refreshing and changing figures not only meet the growing living needs of the public, but also provide an endless "motivation" for the rapid advancement of China's economic trains.

 

  After rapid leaps and bounds, China has moved from a poor and weak energy supply dilemma to a well-deserved "energy country": the world's largest energy producer and the world's largest energy consumer.

 

  From severe shortages to strong guarantees, this is a hard-won achievement of China's energy industry, and it is also the confidence of China's economic development in the future.

 

  From "One Coal Dominance" to "Clean Development":

 

  Highlight the responsibility of energy

 

  In people's memory, as early as 60 years ago, cooking, heating, and train driving were all using coal. Indeed, in the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, coal consumption in China accounted for more than 90% of total primary energy consumption, and the Chinese economy was an out-of-the-box "coal economy."

 

  But now, the situation has changed dramatically: coal has gradually faded out of the residents' daily life, and the power of transportation is basically invisible. Replaced by another colorful picture of life: electric cars, solar and wind power, gas stoves, electric heating?

 

  Not long ago, on August 8, taking advantage of the Second National Youth Games held in Shanxi, Sun Haoran, who grew up in Tianjin, came to Taiyuan for the first time. "Imagine Shanxi is a place where the mountain is broken and polluted. I did not expect that Taiyuan also has a natural water circuit with excellent water quality." Sun Haoran said. In fact, at this sports meeting, a sports ground in Taiyuan Xishan was transformed from a power plant fly ash warehouse. From urban pollution sources to sports and leisure venues, this change is admirable and a microcosm of Shanxi's energy transition. Today, Shanxi, which relies heavily on coal, is setting off an energy revolution and embarked on the road to green development. According to statistics from relevant departments in Shanxi, in the three years from 2016 to 2018 alone, Shanxi has withdrawn from coal excess production capacity of nearly 90 million tons, and advanced coal production capacity accounted for more than 57%.

 

  What Shanxi practices reflect is precisely the adjustment and optimization of China's energy structure.

 

  Data from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in the early days of the founding of New China, China's raw coal accounted for 96.3% of total energy production, other varieties such as crude oil accounted for only 0.7%, and hydropower accounted for 3%.

 

  By 2018, the proportion of raw coal in total energy production has fallen to 69.3%; the proportion of crude oil has steadily increased to 24.8%, the highest in 1976, and then gradually decreased to 7.2% in 2018; natural gas has fallen from the lowest 0.1% in 1957 It increased to the highest 5.5% in 2018; the primary power and other energy increased from 3.0% in 1949 to the highest 18.0% in 2018.

 

  Compared with traditional energy, in recent years, the rapid development of China's clean energy is undoubtedly more meaningful:

 

  In 2018, China's nuclear power generation amounted to 286.511 billion kilowatt-hours, accounting for approximately 4.22% of the country's cumulative power generation.

 

  China's nuclear power generation in 2018 increased by 15.78% compared to 2017, and its share in non-fossil energy power generation reached 15.83%.

 

  In 2018, China's wind power generation capacity was 366 billion kilowatt-hours, accounting for 5.2% of total power generation, an increase of 0.4 percentage point from 2017.

 

  In 2018, the country's photovoltaic power generation capacity was 177.5 billion kWh, a year-on-year increase of 50%.

 

  In 2018, China's clean energy (including non-fossil energy and natural gas) accounted for about 22.2% of the total primary energy consumption.

 

  All these are the epitome of China's energy structure adjustment. The person in charge of the National Energy Administration said: There are various uncertainties in the future energy situation, but China's direction of optimizing its energy structure and transforming its development model will never change.

 

  Just as gasoline and electricity are the driving force for the advancement of automobiles, economic development cannot be separated from energy. Every energy revolution in history will bring a wave of industrial revolution, and countries that seize the opportunity of a new round of energy and industrial revolution will rise up, just like peat for the Netherlands, coal for the United Kingdom, and oil for the United States. At a time when the supply of fossil energy is increasingly scarce, and the use of fossil energy is facing strict carbon constraints, the new energy revolution has begun. In this wave of energy revolution and the industrial revolution triggered by it, China is undoubtedly ahead.

 

  Energy technology innovation capabilities:

 

  From "following" and "running" to "leading"

 

  In Shangwan Town, Yijinhuoluo Banner, Ordos, Inner Mongolia, there is a large chemical plant covering an area of ​​more than 3,000 acres. Coal powder, which is thinner than flour, enters pipes and reactors. After more than 20 hours of high temperature, high pressure and hydrogenation, coal becomes high-end oil such as diesel, naphtha, which is as clear as mineral water. This is the million-ton coal direct liquefied oil production line of the National Energy Group Ordos Coal-to-Liquids Branch.

 

  Wang Jianli, general manager of the Ordos Coal-to-Liquids Branch, said proudly: "This production line can be said to be the country's most important weapon. China is rich in coal, lacks oil, and has low gas. Turning coal into oil is the country's energy security strategy. Until now So far, China is the only country in the world that has mastered key technologies for direct liquefaction of millions of tons of coal. "

 

  After years of development, at present, China's energy technology innovation capabilities have been "followed" and "run together", achieving some "leading."

 

  In the energy field that affects the future and is full of competition, the level of science and technology not only represents the current strength, but also indicates the future potential.

 

  In the 70 years since the founding of New China, a series of remarkable scientific and technological achievements have continuously emerged in the field of China's energy industry: progress has been made in the application of in-depth exploration of fossil energy resources and green mining, and in the fields of shale gas exploration and development, and large-scale natural gas liquefaction. Major breakthroughs were made in tackling key problems and developing equipment. At the same time, new energy and renewable energy technologies have gradually matured, and the 800,000 kilowatt hydropower unit with the world's largest capacity has been built and put into operation. A complete wind power manufacturing system has been basically established. The independent innovation capability of photovoltaic manufacturing technology has been greatly improved. The new generation of fuel ethanol and new geothermal 2. Important breakthroughs have been made in marine energy technology, and the three generations of nuclear power AP1000 design and equipment manufacturing technology have been basically mastered.

 

  The scientific and technological strength of the electric power industry is even more leaps and bounds: China has fully mastered the world's most advanced core technology for UHV construction, and has built the world's highest voltage class and capacity AC / DC power transmission project; completed a complete electric vehicle and power lithium battery industry Chain; ultra-supercritical units have achieved independent development, and the number and total capacity of million-kilowatt-class ultra-supercritical units in operation rank first in the world.

 

  In addition, China has established an internationally competitive energy equipment technology industry in some areas, and some energy technologies have even reached world-leading levels, providing strong support for ensuring national energy security and promoting a clean and low-carbon energy transition.

 

  The successful trial production of natural gas hydrates in the sea area, the independent third-generation nuclear power technology "Hualong No. 1" went global, and created a new era in the world's hydropower million-kilowatt hydroelectric generating units. The proud Chinese branding all highlights China's status and weight in the global energy field.

 

  Supported by the continuous improvement of energy technology innovation capabilities, China's GDP has grown rapidly from 367.9 billion yuan in 1978 to 82.48 trillion yuan in 2017, an increase of 34.5 times, with an average annual growth rate of 9.5%.

 

  It is foreseeable that with the opening of the door of the "Flammable Ice Age" and breakthroughs in more core technologies, China's core competitiveness in the world's energy sector will gradually increase and the right to speak will be further strengthened. (From China Energy Network)

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